Now all cities of Russia are literally surrounded by garden plots. 20 million families have them almost. For many owners of six hundred parts cultivation of vegetables from a pleasant discharge after work in a city have turned hardly probable not to a survival condition. People give to the plots all free time, but they often do not have ability to receive from the hundred parts a crop, commensurable with the enclosed work. The assortment of cultures is poor also: you will seldom meet on gardens of more than 10-15 kinds of vegetables.
The method of agriculture described in this section, is simple, productive and is as though created for a small plot of the earth on which the family works. It is a method of narrow ridges with which help any not well-groomed plot of land can be transformed into the prospering garden fruiting since early spring till late autumn.
Vegetable growing is a branch of plant growing. Directions: vegetable growing opened and a sheltered ground.
In this section experience of use of method Mitlajder in Russia is reflected. Tatyana Jurevnoj Ugarovoj in detail states technology of vegetable growing on narrow ridges – highly productive, simple for the development, extremely unified for the different cultures, demanding a minimum of time and expenditures of labour, effective on any soils and under any weather conditions. The technology is adapted to is soil – to climatic conditions of Russia, features of its use in a small personal economy are revealed, effective mixes for the fertilizer, made on the basis of domestic fertilizers are approved. Features of cultivation of separate vegetable cultures on narrow ridges are described, the big attention is given correct selection of breeds and planting times. The technology elements are underlined, allowing to remove from one ridge on two crops of vegetables in a year.
Vegetable growing – a science studying biology of vegetable plants and methods of their cultivation. Development of scientific researches on vegetable growing to Russia went in parallel with growth of all agricultural productions. In 19 century outstanding scientist-self-educated person Efim Andreevich Grachev worked. Much is made for development of vegetable growing by R.I.Schröder, M.V.Rytovym, N.I.Kichunovym. The considerable contribution to selection of vegetable plants has brought Russian geneticist Nikolay Ivanovich Vavilov.
Abroad vegetable growing differs in the separate countries assortment of cultures and methods of their cultivation. Among the foreign socialist states specific weight of vegetable growing in plant growing and economy of Bulgaria where cultivate vegetables in a considerable quantity for export is especially high; 1 place on areas under crops and a total yield is occupied with a tomato, then a sweet pepper, vegetable peas, an onions, salad, colour and green-head cabbage, carrot, etc.
Seed-growing – the branch of plant growing engaging in mass reproduction of seeds of regionized varieties for realisation of a strain changing and a strain renovation. By production of high-quality seeds the measures providing their preservation selected, biological and fruitful qualities are taken. Seed-growing is directly connected with selection. Its theoretical basis is seed growing.
In an increase yield and increase in production of vegetables the important role is played by Selection and Seed-growing. The Soviet selectors breed breeds of vegetable cultures for each soil-climatic zone of the country, various ripenings on times, for cultivation in opened and a sheltered ground, consumption in a fresh kind and for different kinds of processing qualitatively new breeds and heterosis forms of plants Are etc. bred also: cold-resistant, determinant, bole breeds of a tomato; keeper and ultra-early ripening breeds of cabbage, and also a breed, resistant against a clubroot; partially monoecious forms of a cucumber; breeds of carrot with the raised content of carotin; an one-seeded table beet, breeds of a beet for an early winter sowing. On 1974 637 breeds (80 %) Soviet selection have been zoned 796 breeds and hybrids of vegetable cultures, from them.
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The basic agrotechnical measures applied to an increase yield of vegetable cultures: use of high-quality seeds of the most productive breeds and hybrids, introduction of efficient rotations with scientifically proved crop rotation, an irrigation, application in sufficient doses organic and fertilizers, agrotechnical, biological and chemical protection frames of plants from pests, diseases and weeds. The soil cultivation system under vegetable cultures includes autumn and a presowing cultivation, and also interrow loosening.
Vegetable growing – the branch of agriculture engaging in cultivation of vegetable plants. Melon growing concerns vegetable growing – cultivation watermelons cultures.
Distinguish vegetable growing of an open ground and vegetable growing of the protected (closed) ground. In an open ground cultivate vegetable cultures for reception of vegetables and seeds during the spring-and-summer and autumn periods, in a sheltered ground – vegetables during out-of-season time when on climatic conditions crop reception in the field is impossible, and seedlings for an open ground.
Wash out a water-melon, cut it on slices of average size and combine on 2-3 slices in polythene bags. Put in a freezing chamber and freeze. To store the frozen water-melons it is necessary at temperature of 18-20 degrees and at humidity about 90 %.